The purpose of the thermal cycle test is to determine the component’s thermal mismatch stress, fatigue, and other abilities caused by repeated temperature changes. Thermal cycling test is definite requiremented in several test standards, including IEC61215 (Crystalline silicon photovoltaic modules for terrestrial use-design qualification and finalization), IEC61646 (Thin film solar module test standard), IEC62688 (Concentrator CPV modules and components-safety certification) and IEC62108 test standard.
Test procedure step:
I) Assemble the components in the climate chamber at room temperature. If the component’s border does not conduct well, install it on a metal frame to simulate an open support frame.
II) Connect the temperature sensor to the temperature monitor, connect the positive terminal of the module to the positive electrode of the current meter, and connect the negative electrode to its negative electrode. In the 200 thermal cycle test, connect the module with the maximum power point current under standard test conditions ±2%, only when the component temperature problem exceed 25℃ keep the flow of electric current, 50 times thermal cycling test does not require through current.
III) Closed gas machinery room, according to the distribution of figure 1, to circulate the temperature of the components between 40℃±2℃ and +85℃±2℃, temperature change rate can’t exceed 100℃/h, in every extremely temperature, should remain stable for at least 10 min except the components of the heat capacity greatly need longer time to insert ring, one cycle time no more than 6 h, the number of cycle corresponding side is shown in figure above.
IV) In the process of the whole test, record the temperature of the component, and monitoring by component of current. Note, in a parallel way components branch will cause the discontinuity of voltage, but does not cause 0.
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Ingress protection ratings are standardized ratings that are used to describe the type and degree of ingress protection that a particular item possesses. The ratings come in two sets: One is for foreign objects and dust (that is, solid bodies), and the other is for liquids (such as water).
PV Panelsare made by connecting together photovoltaic(PV)cells or solar cells.They are manufactured from semiconductor materials like crystalline silicon.Solar modules convert the light energy captured from the sun into electric energy.The electric energy so produced is used for lighting residential and commercial establishments.